ISBN 978-1-4008-4276-6. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 23 August 2020. ^ Thomas Fleiner; Alexander Misic; Nicole Töpperwien (5 August 2005). Swiss Constitutional Law. Kluwer Law International. p. 28. ISBN 978-90-411-2404-3. ^ Prof. Dr. Adrian Vatter (2014). Das politische System der Schweiz [The Political System of Switzerland]. Studienkurs Politikwissenschaft (in German). Baden-Baden: UTB Verlag.
 Precipitation tends to be spread moderately throughout the year, with a peak in summer. Autumn is the driest season, winter receives less precipitation than summer, yet the weather patterns in Switzerland are not in a stable climate system. They can vary from year to year with no strict and predictable periods.  Environment Switzerland contains two terrestrial ecoregions: Western European broadleaf forests and Alps conifer and mixed forests.  Switzerland's many small valleys separated by high mountains often host unique ecologies.
 The fourth national language, Romansh (0. 5%), is a Romance language spoken locally in the southeastern trilingual canton of Grisons, and is designated by Article 4 of the Federal Constitution as a national language along with German, French, and Italian. In Article 70 it is mentioned as an official language if the authorities communicate with persons who speak Romansh. However, federal laws and other official acts do not need to be decreed in Romansh. In 2016, the languages most spoken at home among permanent residents aged 15 and older were Swiss German (59. 4%), French (23. 5%), Standard German (10.
USA Today. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2021. ^ Taylor, Chloe (20 May 2019). "These cities offer the best quality of life in the world, according to Deutsche Bank". CNBC. Archived from the original on 23 June 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2021. ^ "Coronavirus: Paris and Zurich become world's most expensive cities to live in because of COVID-19".
 In 2002 Switzerland became a full member of the United Nations.  It was the first state to join it by referendum. Switzerland maintains diplomatic relations with almost all countries and historically has served as an intermediary between other states.  Switzerland is not a member of the European Union; the Swiss people have consistently rejected membership since the early 1990s.  However, Switzerland does participate in the Schengen Area.  The colour-reversed Swiss flag became the symbol of the Red Cross Movement,  founded in 1863 by Henry Dunant.
 The European Union labeled it Europe's most innovative country and the most innovative country in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, as it had done in 2020 and 2019.  It ranked 20th of 189 countries in the Ease of Doing Business Index. Switzerland's slow growth in the 1990s and the early 2000s increased support for economic reforms and harmonisation with the European Union.
^ Subir Ghosh (9 October 2010). "US is still by far the richest country, China fastest growing". Digital Journal. Canada. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2015. ^ Simon Bowers (19 October 2011). "Franc's rise puts Swiss top of rich list". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 14 December 2015. ^ Bachmann, Helena (23 March 2018). "Looking for a better quality of life? Try these three Swiss cities".
[j] Cantons The Swiss Confederation consists of 26 cantons: Canton ID Capital Aargau 19 Aarau *Nidwalden 7 Stans *Appenzell Ausserrhoden 15 Herisau *Obwalden 6 Sarnen *Appenzell Innerrhoden 16 Appenzell Schaffhausen 14 *Basel-Landschaft 13 Liestal Schwyz 5 *Basel-Stadt 12 Basel Solothurn 11 Bern 2 St. Gallen 17 Fribourg 10 Thurgau 20 Frauenfeld Geneva 25 Ticino 21 Bellinzona Glarus 8 Uri 4 Altdorf Grisons 18 Chur Valais 23 Sion Jura 26 Delémont Vaud 22 Lausanne Lucerne 3 Zug 9 Neuchâtel 24 Zürich 1 *These cantons are known as half-cantons.
Euronews. 18 November 2020. Archived from the original on 12 December 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2021. ^ "swiss | Etymology, origin and meaning of swiss by etymonline". www. etymonline. com. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2022. ^ Room, Adrian (2003). Placenames of the world: origins and meanings of the names for over 5000 natural features, countries, capitals, territories, cities, and historic sites.
 A 1980 initiative calling for the complete separation of church and state was rejected by 78. 9% of the voters.  Some traditionally Protestant cantons and cities nowadays have a slight Catholic majority, because since about 1970 a steadily growing minority were not affiliated with any religious body (21. 4% in Switzerland, 2012) especially in traditionally Protestant regions, such as Basel-City (42%), canton of Neuchâtel (38%), canton of Geneva (35%), canton of Vaud (26%), or Zürich city (city: >25%; canton: 23%).  Literature The earliest forms of literature were in German, reflecting the language's early predominance.
 Media Freedom of the press and the right to free expression is guaranteed in the constitution.  The Swiss News Agency (SNA) broadcasts information in three of the four national languages—on politics, economics, society and culture. The SNA supplies almost all Swiss media and foreign media with its reporting.  Switzerland has historically boasted the world's greatest number of newspaper titles relative to its population and size.
"Die Alpen als Ideologie". Tages-Anzeiger (in German). Zürich, Switzerland. Archived from the original on 15 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015. ^ Schmock, Nico (30 January 2019). Die Schweiz als "Willensnation"? Die Kernelemente des Schweizer Selbstverständnisses (in German). ISBN 978-3-668-87199-1. ^ "Global wealth databook 2019" (PDF). Credit Suisse. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 October 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2020. Archived. The country data comes from Table 3. 1 on page 117. The region data comes from the end of that table on page 120.
Switzerland - Wikipedia
ISBN 978-3-8252-4011-0. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2015. ^ a b Zimmer, Oliver (12 January 2004) [originally published: October 1998]. "In Search of Natural Identity: Alpine Landscape and the Reconstruction of the Swiss Nation". Comparative Studies in Society and History. London. 40 (4): 637–665. 1017/S0010417598001686. S2CID 146259022. ^ Josef Lang (14 December 2015).
Austria - Switzerland » Live Score & Stream + Odds and Stats